A. Trinity is Biblical
The Hebrews worship one true God. How can we justify to worship
Jesus as God? Although the term "Trinity" does not appear
in the New Testament, it is evident that the dogmas of Trinity
and the divinity of Jesus are embedded in the Bible (2 Cor. 13:13,
1 Cor. 12:3, Matt. 28:19, John 10:30 ...etc).
B. Trinity is Confirmed by Creeds
During the first few centuries the church fought against two types
of heresies, which denied the deity (e.g. Arius) or the
human nature of Jesus (e.g. Gnosticism). In order to protect
the church against heresies, several creeds were declared by the
church council (e.g. Nicaean Creed, Athanasian Creed--see
C. Arguments against Trinity
- Trinity is a contamination of Greek philosophy to pure faith
The Jehovah's Witness argues that Trinity is from Greek
philosophy rather than from the Bible. It is said that in
the first few centuries the church moved away from the pure
Bible origins and instead clothed itself with pagan Roman customs
and became imbued with Greek philosophy, and thus it came the
Trinitarian doctrine (Mankind's search for God, 1990).
The Christian faith did not come out of a vacuum. Instead God
reveals Himself through history and cultures. During the age of
the Old Testament it is obvious that Hebrews were cultivated by
the Egyptian culture (Bock, 1986). As mentioned in the previous
chapter, although early Christianity grew with Greek philosophy,
the Greek concepts were thoroughly transformed
during the first four or five centuries of the Christian era in
the light of Biblical teaching.
- Trinity is illogical
Several radical and liberal philosophers such
as John Hick denied incarnation (God becomes a man in
Jesus) and Trinity , because to say God can be a man as Jesus
is like saying a squared circle.
To deny anything that can't be explained by
logical language is inappropriate. In natural sciences quantum
physics appear to be contradictory and is difficult to be explained
by common languages.
As mentioned in the previous lesson, human
words are subject to God but not the other ways around. Nonetheless,
God reveals Himself to us by words. Indeed, Trinity is not totally
incomprehensible, otherwise God would not reveal this to us.
There are many analogies between Trinity and our finite human
experience. Take a loving couple as an example. When a beloved
and loved are mutually absorbed, the two persons become one.
D. The Meaning of Trinity to Us
God exists in community. The three persons
of the Trinity have their distinctive identity only in the deepest
relationships with each other. God is a sharing and loving one
(Migliore, 1992) Perhaps the ideal marriage and human relationships
are also "becoming one."